Makarenko O.S., Golodova O.A., Azmina Yu.M.
Prospects for development of corporate model of sustainable development management in region
The effective development of the region as an integrated social and economic system depends on a number of factors. Geographic location, transport and industrial infrastructure, demographic situation, availability of raw materials and agricultural and climatic resources are integral elements of sustainable territorial development. At the same time, the issues of development of an efficient regional management system are gaining special relevance. The article examines modern models of regional management, emphasized their advantages and disadvantages. The urgency of using the corporate model for managing sustainable development of the region is substantiated; its characteristic features are emphasized. Using the fundamentals of corporate governance, it is suggested to strengthen cooperation and active interaction between government bodies, business and the population of a particular region. It is determined in the paper that the suggested model will allow the most optimal use of the resource and production potential of the territory, optimize the work of the control subsystem, and increase the level of satisfaction of society of life support. The study analyzes the role and importance of large corporate systems in the application of the corporate model of regional management. The activity of the institute of state corporations in support of strategic industries and regional industries is studied. As a result, the prospects for the further development and use of the corporate model of regional management are presented which are associated with the use of elements of strategic planning, implementation of public and private partnership mechanisms, development of conditions for the growth of the innovative and investment potential of the territory.
Petrova E.A., Kalinina V.V.
Impact of development of information and communication technologies on economic structure of regions of the Russian Federation
Subject. Information and communication technologies have a direct impact on economic development both in the entire economy of the country and at the regional level. This article is devoted to the study of the rate of change in economic growth, based on the comparison of indicators of structural changes by the sectoral structure of gross value added and by types of costs for information and communication technologies. Target. The purpose of this article is to quantify the dynamics of structural shifts in the regional economy and to determine the relationship between economic development and the use of information and communication technologies in the Russian economy as a whole and at the regional level. The study allows us to draw the conclusion about the effectiveness of the introduction and implementation of information and communication technologies in terms of their impact on the intensification of economic processes in the territorial context. Methodology. The study is based on a structural-dynamic approach to the analysis of economic systems. For a quantitative assessment of structural changes, the coefficient of K. Gatev and V.M. Ryabtseva was used. These coefficients make it possible to identify structural changes in economic development, to determine their intensity and effectiveness. The empirical basis of the study was made up of statistical materials on the sectoral structure of gross value added, types of costs for information and communication technologies. The sectoral structure of gross value added is represented by 15 types of economic activity, the costs of information and communication technologies include 6 types of costs. Results. A quantitative assessment of the dynamics of the coefficients of structural shifts was obtained by K. Gatev and V.M. Ryabtsev on the sectoral structure of gross value added in Russia as a whole and in individual regions of the Russian Federation. The analysis of the impact of structural changes in the costs of information and communication technologies on economic development is carried out. Conclusions. The obtained results of a quantitative assessment of structural changes in the sectoral structure of gross value added showed a discrepancy between the ongoing structural changes both in the country's economy as a whole and at the regional level. On the basis of the data obtained, conclusions were substantiated about the inefficiency of the implemented information and communication processes over a long period.
Mitrofanova I.V., Chernova O.A., Korsakova I.V.
Water resources as a strategic factor for sustainable development of region
The sustainability of the development of regional systems is largely determined by the state of the territory's water resources, since no type of activity can be carried out without the use of water. The state of water resources influences the economic, social and ecological subsystems of the region. Therefore, in the strategic aspect, the assessment of the impact of the state of water resources on the sustainability of regional development becomes important. The authors set the goal to analyze the state of water resources in the agro-industrial regions of the South of Russia fr om the point of view of providing them with opportunities for sustainable social and economic development of the territory. The object of the research was Volgograd and Rostov regions. The research method was based on the analysis of statistical data on the state of water resources in the region with the formation of analytical estimates. As a result of the analysis, it was revealed that in Volgograd region the ecological subsystem is the most sensitive to the state of water resources; in Rostov region it is the social subsystem which was most sensitive to the condition of water. It is concluded that the tools suggested by the authors can become an important addition to the existing tools of regional strategy, since it allows studying the relationship between the state of water resources and sustainable development of the territory.
Nikolenko N. A., Dulina N. V., Sitnikova Y. I.
Role of NGO specialists and government institutions in sustainable development of regional social service system
The market for social services for the population is currently a space in which the organizers of social practices to provide assistance to the population and the implementation of social programs are very difficult to work because of the subjective and objective nature. The article describes a whole range of factors influencing the employees of NGOs and government agencies working in the regional market of social services for the population. In particular, attention is paid to the difficult working conditions in a situation of the spread of viral infections, the introduction of a regime of social self-isolation for categories of citizens, most of whom are clients of non-profit organizations and state institutions of social services to the population On the basis of social data obtained by the authors of the article as a result of in-depth interviews and a questionnaire survey with the leaders and employees of the above-mentioned organizations of the social service system, not only motivational reasons for encouraging people to work are identified, but also subjective assessments given by them of their work activities are analyzed. The article substantiates the conclusions about the importance of the labor activity of employees of social services of the population in preventing the emergence of social tension in the event of a decrease in the quality of provided social services and an increase in the number of people in need of social assistance due to the inability of organizations to provide social services to the population. In addition, recommendations are given, the implementation of which, according to the authors of the article, will enhance the motivation of employees to work, which has a significant impact on the state of sustainability of the region's development, both in social and economic directions.
Anufrieva E.V., Efimov E.G., Ovchar N.A.
Influence of the Covid-19 pandemic on social mood and hopes of citizens (on the example of Volgograd)
As known, in 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic began, which continues to this day. The pandemic affected the lifestyle, employment format, job loss, overcoming the disease and its consequences, fear for their health and their close people, and much more. These social factors influenced on the social mood / social well-being of people around the world, including the citizens of Volgograd. The article presents the results of the applied sociological study conducted among the citizens of Volgograd in 2020. The method of collecting information is an online survey. The main technical parameters of the study are indicated. Data of the survey in 2020 was compared with data of the survey in 2017. The comparison made discovered what exactly the pandemic impacted on the public consciousness of the citizens. The conclusions make it possible to identify the change in the social well-being of working citizens and unemployed in assessments of short-term social and individual optimism. It indicated the similarities and differences in the social well-being of men and women, representatives of different age groups. The study showed that short-term social optimism (the expectations of changes in the lives of Russians over the next year), was not so high - 31% do not expect any changes (neither will improve nor worsen), and 69% of citizens of Volgograd predict a deterioration, no one expects improvement.
Brauweiler G., Kurchenkov V.V., Fetisova O.V.
Development of innovative potential of competitive development of region
The article examines innovative processes at the regional level in modern Russia. The role of innovative technologies in ensuring economic growth in the urban environment and rural areas is shown. The analysis of innovation activity in the peripheral regions of Russia and its impact on their economic development is carried out. The dynamics of innovation activity in the regions and territories under consideration and the dynamics of changes in their competitive advantages are compared. Criteria for the formation of models of absolute and relative economic growth in regions based on the use of innovative technologies are revealed. The possibilities of increasing the competitiveness of regions at the global level through the convergence of technologies of a new technological paradigm are determined. The types of innovations that have a significant impact on the growth of the competitiveness of urban and rural areas are considered. The analysis of the life cycle of new technologies contributing to the growth of the competitiveness of the peripheral regions of the South of Russia is made. The identification of universal and specific types of innovations applicable to the realization of the economic potential of a particular region is carried out. The analysis of the nature of the interconnection of the dynamics of innovation processes in specific regions is carried out in terms of absolute and relative, general and median values of indicators of innovative activity.
Pankratov S. A., Pankratova L. S., Morozov S. I.
Capitalization of political resources in the development of regional clusters of the creative industry
Purpose of the paper: The purpose of the paper is the analysis of theoretical and methodological concepts of the phenomenon of “creative industry” from political science perspective, the identification and interpretation of international and regional practices of using political capital as a particular case of social capital in the development of the creative sector of the economy. At the same time, the most important task is to substantiate the specifics of modern processes of capitalization of political resources in the development of the creative industry and to characterize the models of the formation of a creative cluster in the federal subjects of the Russian Federation. Methodology: The authors of the article rely on the theoretical conclusions reached in the works of researchers who specialize in politics and philosophy of the economy, the concept of digital transformation of modern society. The analysis of the processes of capitalization of political resources is based on the interpretation of the conceptual constructions of the theories of social capital by P. Bourdieu and F. Fukuyama. Achieving this goal presupposes the use of both general scientific methods of cognition and methods of verification, critical understanding of existing theoretical structures.
Results: The article systematizes theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of the phenomenon of “creative industry”, substantiates the theoretical toolkit of political science, which allows focusing on the socio-political aspects of the development of the creative industry in the Russian Federation and its subjects. Positive and negative foreign and domestic experience in the development of the creative industry is interpreted. An innovative model (taking into account the historical and political, sociocultural, value-identification specificity, etc.) of the formation of a creative cluster in the federal subjects of the Russian Federation is proposed. The basic characteristics of political resources and technologies for their capitalization are revealed in relation to modern Russian realities in the formation of regional creative clusters. Highlighted the real and potential risks and threats arising in the process of institutionalization of the creative economy, taking into account the digitalization of the Russian society are emphasized.
Conclusion: The article attempts to overcome conceptual limitations in the approaches (technocentrism, political and economic determinism, etc.) used to the analysis of socio-political prerequisites, conditions, technologies for the development of the territorial infrastructure of the creative industry cluster, the formation of a regional ecosystem for the implementation of public and state projects, and consolidation of talented personnel, human resources in the region. Attention is focused on the fact that standard forms of employment of the population, a high level of bureaucratization, insufficient institutionalization of public policy dominate in the Russian Federation, which largely acts as an obstacle to the development of start-ups, entrepreneurial activity, and complicates the emergence of innovative products. Within the framework of political science discourse, the functional specifics of public policy actors and their influence (provision) of creative entrepreneurship in the Russian region are substantiated. Particular attention is paid to the development of technologies and methods for increasing the index of the creative potential of the territory, improving the quality of life of the population of Russian citizens. The authors proposed program forms and mechanisms for adhering to the principles of continuity, tradtion and innovation in the creation of creative goods and services.
Kuzevanova A.L., Smolina E.G.
Interaction of local executive authorities and the population in the Internet space: management aspect (based on materials оf Volgograd)
Relevance. Using the resources of the Internet space allows the authorities to intensify interaction with the population, increase the effectiveness of the implementation of managerial decisions, and achieve consistency of positions on pressing socio-economic problems. Increasing the level of information transparency of local executive authorities and enhancing the participation of the population in municipal governance is becoming topical. This actualizes the problems of the dissertation research related to the substantiation of a strategic approach to the implementation of the management activities of local executive authorities in organizing interaction with the population on the Internet.
Materials and methods. The sociological study was organized in June 2019 using the questionnaire method (n = 500, representative sample, multistage, with quotas by sex and age). An expert questionnaire survey (n = 50) was also conducted, in which municipal officials (n = 25) and representatives of the scientific community (n = 25) acted as independent experts.
Research results. On the basis of the data obtained Volgograd citizens presented an assessment of the system of interaction between local executive authorities and the population in the Internet space, characterizing it as ineffective due to insufficient information of the population about the forms and procedure of Internet interaction, imperfection of the technical infrastructure and regulatory framework, regulating the procedure for interaction in electronic format, distrust of the population to the Internet as a platform for interaction with city authorities. Based on the results of the expert survey, the main problems of the implementation of the management activities of the local executive authorities of Volgograd when organizing interaction with the population in the Internet space were identified, they are characterized by incomplete implementation of managerial functions of coordination, monitoring, control and social development, a low level of efficiency in the application of administrative and economic management methods, insufficient level of legal regulation of electronic interaction, lack of appropriate infrastructure conditions and a strategic approach to the implementation of this activity.
Novelty. The novelty of this study consists in the fact that, on the basis of the collected empirical material, the authors present problems in the system of interaction between local executive authorities and the population in the Internet space, and also propose measures to improve electronic interaction with citizens that can significantly improve the quality of municipal governance.
Strizoe A. L., Poltavskay M. B.
Communities of social entrepreneurs: case of Volgograd region
Purpose: To trace the process of formation of a community of social entrepreneurs in Volgograd region, to identify the problems faced by social entrepreneurs, to identify the factors contributing to and hindering the development of social entrepreneurship. Methodology/Approach: the authors describe the process of development of social entrepreneurship in Volgograd region with a reference to the process model. The approach to society as a result of the interaction of human individuals is taken as the basis. The premise is that society depends on the interaction of people. This approach allows us to trace the changes that have occurred over time, to present the process of forming a community of social entrepreneurs through their direct communication, interaction, to identify the stages of formation, to trace the evolution and degree of maturity. The paper presents data from a mass survey of small entrepreneurs of Volgograd region (N=1455, January 2021).
Results: A new social community of social entrepreneurs is being formed, which has not yet been clearly formed in the structure of Volgograd region, has changeable borders and identification criteria. The position of non-profit organizations in relation to social entrepreneurship is ambiguous: formally, NGOs are excluded from the legal field as possible subjects of social entrepreneurship, deprived of tax and financial support from state and regional structures, at the same time, in various competitions for the best projects of social entrepreneurship, NGOs are invited as participants, their projects are accepted in various nominations.
Conclusions: the institutionalization of Russian social entrepreneurship occurs mainly through the formation of infrastructure within the framework of small and medium-sized businesses, hybrid forms of organizations combining elements of commercial and non-profit organizations are not common. The formal consolidation of the status of a social entrepreneur for commercial organizations leads to the reduction of social entrepreneurship to business in the social sphere.
Originality/Value: The relevance of the topic is determined by the social significance of the development of social entrepreneurship in Russia, the identification of features of the formation of communities of social entrepreneurs in the regions. For the further development and support of social entrepreneurs, the formation of a socio-cultural environment and community at the regional level, measures are needed to form a positive image of a social entrepreneur in the information space, public confidence in social entrepreneurship.
Drozdova J.A., Martinson Ya.S.
Spatial and temporal patterns of development of territorial communities: possible scenario of change
Time and space are the prerequisites for the existence of a territorial community, since all the events that take place in a certain locality, show cause-and-effect relationships that form history, traditions, and patterns of life. But the scenario of future development of a region is also determined by «liquid modernity», situational and spontaneous actions of actors, suddenness and eventfulness, uncertainty and variability. Considering a region as a space-time continuum, the authors suggest that the territorial communities of urban and country residents constitute an established and changing system of social ties and interactions, with models of territorial socio-economic behavior, trust in institutional / non-institutional actors and other social resources.
The spatial and temporal development patterns are influenced by objective indicators: procedurality, duration, stability of the territory development, cyclic recurrence. Objective indicators give an idea of the region’s resources, the structure of its economy, the way and quality of life of people in cities / rural settlements.
Subjective indicators are associated with the understanding a region as a social space for interaction between people, groups, communities; wh ere social ties and interdependencies are formed, and ideas and meanings appear. The expedient activity of the subjects of management, the attitude of people to the territory of residence, the system of relations that have developed on it –– all this also determines the possibilities and limitations in the development of a region.
Empirical data that allow an analysis and prediction of a territory’s development were collected in the course of a sociological study using a mixed strategy (RFBR grant No. 19-411-340002 «Territorial communities in conditions of social transformation: a sociological and managerial analysis»): 1) surveying urban residents in Volgograd region (Russia), n = 516, July - August 2019; 2) survey of country residents, Volgograd region, n = 332, July - September 2019; 3) in-depth interviews with representatives of municipal authorities, academic community, urban and rural activists, architects, leaders of property owners associations, old-timers residing in urban and rural areas, N = 20, July 2019 - January 2020; 4) study of the time budget of urban and country residents of Volgograd and rural settlements (N = 20, November 2020).
In the authors’ opinion, the territorial communities of Russia show ambiguous, multi-vector processes that are on the one hand, aimed at convergence of territorial communities, and on the other hand, demonstrating upsurge of social inequality, instability, social apathy, rupture of social ties, population decline, a transition to individual strategies of adapting to conditions of social turbulence. All these processes need methodological reflection undertaken by the authors to develop competent municipal and state policies; proper use of social resources of territorial communities will contribute to the formation of solidary ties, overcoming «social anomie», the formation of personal responsibility of urban and country residents for the present and future of Russian territories.
Melnikova E.V., Kazanova N.V., Borodina E.A., Fadeeva E.A.
Criteria for the attractiveness of regional universities based on the professional preferences of Volgograd high school students
The article examines the professional preferences of Volgograd high school students, on the basis of which they choose a university for further education. School graduates often pay attention not only to the quality of training, but also to a number of issues related to subsequent employment and professional development opportunities, the prospects for acquiring housing, and the standard of living in the region. The disproportions in regional development observed in Russia have led to stable migration sentiments among young people. Further degradation of individual regions will increase due to a decrease in the attractiveness of regional universities that are unable to adapt to modern needs.
The authors conducted a sociological study among students in grades 9-11 of Volgograd schools, which made it possible to determine the portrait of a senior pupil planning to continue his studies at a university; his professional preferences; to identify the factors influencing the choice of the university. Taking into account the level of influence of factors, criteria for the attractiveness of regional universities are formulated. The results of the study, among other things, point to a decrease in educational mobility due to the pandemic and subsequent measures taken. At the same time, there is a growing focus on online education. The interest of high school students in secondary vocational education is increasing, since after graduating from college, a graduate can enter a university for an abbreviated training program without results of the Unified State Exam. Particularly relevant is the "fatigue" of traditional specialties, which look outdated in the eyes of high school students, and an orientation towards applied programs. Despite this, a significant proportion of high school students express their preferences regarding fundamental classical education in the most successful universities in the country. There is still interest in the professions of law and economist, but more attention is focused on fintech and social technologies.
To maintain their attractiveness, regional universities need to ensure not only an adaptive, but a proactive position in the development of programs and forms of training.
Vasilieva E.N., Vasilenko I.V., Danilova E.O.
Formation of new strategies of economic behavior of youth: impact of pandemic
Purpose: to investigate economic strategies of youth in the labor market, to determine how strategies change during the pandemic and under the influence of the digital economy, to characterize such forms of economic practices as: remote work, online employment, freelancing, job search through social networks.
Methodology/approach: the authors consider two types of economic behavior strategies – active (purposefully searching actions in the labor market) and passive (adaptation as a mechanism used by young people during the pandemic to generate income). The informal survey became the basis for the study of economic practices of young people, as well as practices of education and self education for the development of "soft&hard skills" - skills necessary for effective employment in the modern labor market (efficiency is considered as income maximization, correlation of income with labor costs). In social and labor relations, young people are forced to mobilize all their forces in difficult and responsible situations, ensuring the maximum use of available resources. In an effort to achieve some goals an actor is forced to either use resources effectively or adapt to the external environment in conditions of the hierarchy of relationships between values, institutional orders and norms existing in the society. To understand the essence of processes taking place in the labor market during the pandemic, a survey of youth (a targeted sample) using various strategies in the labor market was conducted.
Results: it is revealed that an economic strategy focused on economic activity in an online environment allows you to provide both basic and additional earnings, develop useful skills, and self-actualize. In fact, young people get the opportunity to provide themselves with an "insurance" against unexpected social and economic changes in society, make their future more prospective. Economic strategies of working offline, or combining online and offline employment, differ significantly depending on the tactics of action.
Conclusions: today using remote forms of employment and education youth improve their professional qualifications, acquire and hone digital skills, conduct flexible, purposefully creative or adaptive economic activities, constantly study, use and create new practices. Being self-organized and in most cases self-employed young people demonstrate a position independent of any state and public institutions (and consequently an objective position of reality), form a modern paradigm of studying and developing necessary sets of digital skills for the successful formation of the digital economy in modern Russia, during the pandemic these processes are intensified.
Pleschenko А. N.
On the factors of archaisation in social and cultural landscapes: case of Volgograd region
This article attempts to reflect the presence of several important factors of archaisation common to all social and cultural landscapes in Russia. These inherent factors are the total introduction of the under-reflected use of computer and information technology. Next, the study comprehends the influence of the factor of vast spaces with a population that has an agrarian mentality, which has been formed under the influence of social and historical processes. Another important factor is the production and popularization of marginal social practices and romantic ideas around the institution of execution of punishments. The work is based on a number of studies by domestic and Western cultural and sociological scholars on the nature of such phenomena. The archaicism of these spheres analyzed in the article penetrates and spreads through certain mechanisms into the socio-cultural landscape as a whole. The consideration of the nature and factors of archaization provides an in-depth understanding of both our country's past and present, of what constitutes contemporary Russian society at this stage and the direction in which it should develop, avoiding or suppressing the tendencies that have emerged.
Dulina N. V., Nikolenko N. A., Leshchenko L. A.
Representatives of the third age as a factor of social and economic development of the region
The article substantiates the idea of analyzing the social and labor potential of people of the third age as determinants influencing the socio-economic development of the region. The conclusions proposed by the authors are made on the basis of a generalization and analysis of theoretical sources devoted to the study of the problems of life of representatives of the above-mentioned age category, and empirical data obtained in the course of two quantitative and one qualitative sociological study in Volgograd region. The conclusions proposed by the authors are made on the basis of a generalization and analysis of theoretical sources devoted to the study of the problems of life of representatives of the above-mentioned age category, and empirical data obtained in the course of two quantitative and one qualitative sociological study in Volgograd region. These sociological studies were carried out within the framework of one project "Socio-economic practices of Russians: state and dynamics" using the methods of a questionnaire survey and in-depth interviews. The implementation of "slices" of the removal of qualitative and quantitative indicators characterizing the "object" of the study, in two stages with a gap of three years (in 2016 and 2020), allowed the authors of the article in the projection of a comparative analysis to reveal the stability of a certain part of them concerning the practice of people exercising pre-retirement and retirement ages of socio-economic and self-preservation behavior, partially suspended during the introduction of social distancing due to the coronavirus pandemic and resumed after the abolition of these restrictions.On the basis of this, the trajectories of the manifestation of the available resource opportunities in representatives of the third age were described and the author's position was formulated, revealing the contribution of people of this age category to the social and economic development of Volgograd region.
Rebrina L.N., Shamne N.L., Milovanova M.V.
Conflict mobilization in local social network communities of region as a risk factor for regional sustainable, secure social and economic development
The article examines the risks of social and political protests as a significant and complicated element of social and economic relations, influencing the economic and social optimism of the residents of the region. According to many experts in the field of risk theory, today's society should build its development on the basis of competent risk management.
Against the background of the available papers on the psychological, social, political and legal diagnostics of conflicts as an integral part of the factor of the modern economy and their development into protests, taking into account the importance of institutionalized protest as a constructive force of social development, the regional specificity of local protest, the effective conflict communication technologies used by their leaders remain beyond scientific research.
The article describes the composition of regional communities of conflict mobilization in various social networks, from the standpoint of the system-communicative approach, the main dimensions of protest are described as follows: subject (frequent objects of problems within the framework of protest mobilization; communicative technologies for agenda development of regional risks, type of post-communication), collective-personal (composition and activity of community members, the strategies and tactics of the addresser and addressee, aimed at development of Internet solidarity, changing the cognitive-axiological space of group members); adequacy of communicative practices of conflict mobilization is assessed from the standpoint of the postulates of the Harvard School of Conflictology. The system-communicative approach, descriptive, structural methods, discourse, linguopragmatic analysis, quantitative calculations are used.
Shamne N.L., Eltanskaya E.A., Arzhanovskaya A.V.
Institute of Education as one of e core elements of economic security of region The authors consider education as one of the target vectors of sustainable development of regions. The peculiarities of state policy at the present stage, its goal-setting and the focus of the choice of social and economic priorities for the development of regions are the key factors that determine morals of a society. Accordingly, the development of social and economic institutions in the region should not be viewed as a secondary aspect. At present, the responsibility for the sustainable development of regions and ensuring their economic security is largely assigned by the state to the institution of education, while a prerequisite is intensive interaction with local authorities, industrial enterprises and public organizations. The authors provide an overview of numerous works devoted to the issue of ensuring the economic security of regions, however, the role of the institution of education is still not clearly identified, what confirms the relevance of this study.
In this paper, the authors analyze the role of the institution of education at the global level on a national scale, and at the local level on a regional scale. The article presents a list of services provided by the institute of education to the region, gives their detailed characteristics, determines the value of the services provided for the development of the region and ensuring its economic security.
In the framework of the study, the descriptive method is fundamental, including elements of review, interpretation, comparison and description. The authors come to the conclusion that the institution of education is acquiring a new role, i. e. the role of ensuring the economic security of the regions, while it acts as a structure-forming element of the entire set of relations that ensure the economic security of the region.
Zaliznyak E.A., Kholodenko A.V., Matveeva A.A.
Assessment of the information component of the ESG agenda on the example of objects of negative impact on the territory of the Southern Federal District
Sustainable regional development unites a whole range of interdependent factors, including economic development, social and cultural progress, comfortable and environmentally safe living environment. All the factors mentioned above predetermine the need to strengthen environmental activities of regional authorities, as well as to increase the environmental and social responsibility of business. The environmental responsibility of business is now rapidly becoming a recognized and vital competitive factor. Modern trends in the world economy have highlighted the importance of taking ESG factors into account in their development. In this regard, there is a growing need for investors, society and the state to be aware of the course and direction of actions of companies to reduce the negative impact on the environment. It becomes not enough just to discuss environmental issues; there is a need for accounting and reporting of environmental performance, transparency of companies' activities in the field of environmental safety. This is especially true for companies whose activities have the greatest negative impact on the components of the environment.
More than 399 thousand objects of negative impact on the environment were registered on the territory of Russia as of November 2021. Over the past 2 years, their number has increased by more than a third. The objects of the I category, which have a high negative impact, account for less than 2%. Despite their insignificant share in the total volume, 300 of them account for more than 60% of the negative impact on atmospheric air and water in the Russian Federation, 10 of which are located in the Southern Federal District. The paper discusses the main problems of regional business openness from the standpoint of the environmental component and responsible management of the ESG agenda. At the present stage, we can speak about the absence of environmental information in the public domain, limited, irrelevant and imprecise character of presented data.
The analysis of the official websites of the NVOS facilities showed the lack of environmental information and the unpreparedness of company management for new legislative initiatives that secured the concept of “environmental information” and its general availability in March 2021. The authors provide a rationale for the need to develop criteria for the assessment of the environmental responsibility of business and their importance in the formation of regional environmental policy, through the availability of information on the impact on environmental components, taking into account new legislative initiatives and international standards and recommendations in the field of "green" reporting.
Onistratenko N.V., Ivantsova E.A., Tikhonova A.A.
Physiological state of woody plants as an indicator of technogenic load on urban ecosystems of Volgograd
Industrial production, transport activity and technologies of urban economy are not only the basis and subject of economic activity of society and the state, but also a powerful technogenic factor that influences the state and dynamic processes of the environment. The impact of these factors is naturally more pronounced in the ecosystems of large industrial centers, one of which can be called Volgograd. The urban ecosystem, which is subject to large-scale and diverse chemical and parametric pollution, redistributes pollutants through trophic relationships and dynamics of substances in the biotope.
The impact of hazardous pollutants on humans and elements of the technosphere can be predicted using bioindication and biotesting . In the practice of eco-monitoring, tree species used in urban landscaping are widely used for these purposes. The morphophysiological reactions of woody organisms to the effects of environmental factors can be estimated and calculated using the indicators of the growth rate of shoots as indicators of technogenic stress, as well as the specific surface density of the leaf. If the length of the annual shoot of a woody plant is an integral indicator characterizing the phenotypic response of an organism to a set of stress factors, then the specific surface density of the leaf shows a direct response of a plant to a situation developing in a given vegetative season.
Bioindication studies of the environment in the selected districts of Volgograd showed clear differences in the physiological adaptations of plants of European White Elm to conditions differing in the degree of anthropogenic load. The leaves of this plant, sampled in the zone of influence of the metallurgical enterprise and the transport highway, were characterized by a lower specific surface density compared to the samples taken in the residential area and in the suburban area (control area). The same tendency was observed in the analysis of the length of annual shoots of the European White Elm: the length of these organs in individuals growing in the area of operation of a metallurgical enterprise was almost one and a half times less than those in plants from the control point.
The data obtained indicate the development of unfavorable technogenic processes in the urban ecosystem of Volgograd agglomeration. At the same time, our work confirms the applicability of the indicators of FDA and the size of annual shoots as phyto indicators, and the species of European White Elm as a plant-bioindicator.
Khavanskaya N. M.
Geoinformation analysis of social factors of sustainable development of Volgograd region
The purpose of the paper is to identify the features and leading trends in the change of indicators of social development, which have a direct impact on sustainable development of the region.
The paper provides the assessment of the indicators of social development: number and density of the population of Volgograd region, gender and age composition and potential of labor resources; availability of education and health care, which together illustrate the quality of life of the population. The leading methods in the study are: statistical data processing and methods of geoinformation mapping, including the classification of numerical fields of attributive data, construction of thematic cartograms illustrating the state of each of their indicators of social development, highlighted in the work, comprehensive assessment of territorial development of social factors of sustainable development based on the methods of spatial analysis.
The research includes three stages. The first stage is the collection and processing of statistical data on the selected indicators of social development. The second stage includes drawing up thematic maps, identifying classes by ranges of indicator values and their spatial analysis. The third stage is the compilation of an integrated map based on a set of indicators with the allocation of territories with different levels of social development.
As a result, conclusions were formulated about the uneven distribution of indicators of social development on the territory of Volgograd region, and the territorial features of the social development of the region were revealed.
Davydova M. L.
Smart regulation or manipulative regulation: trends in development of law in the age of great challenges
Smart regulation implies building a regulatory policy that allows achieving maximum effect with minimal resources, including both traditional means of legal regulation and non-regulatory means of legal influence. Among the latter, much attention is paid to behavioral methods that allow directing people's behavior in a certain direction without establishing direct responsibilities and incentives. Such methods ("pushing") cause debate in science due to the fact that they often look like manipulation of social behavior by the state. The article attempts to draw the line between pushing and manipulation, to show the regulatory capabilities of behavioral methods which ensure sustainable social development in an era of great challenges.
Digitalization of legal regulation as a response to big challenges
Big challenges are complexes of problems that have global and trans border nature, as well as a potentially complicated, polyspheric resolution mechanism. At the moment, digitalization of the state and legal sphere can act as a tool for the elimination of minimization of major challenges. It is assumed that further transition of the public sphere to digital character will lead to the appearance of resources for the response to global challenges.
Concept and classification of legal means of smart regulation of economy
The article analyzes the legal and non-legal means used in the modern concept of "smart" regulation, which is being developed by Western legal science. A comparative analysis of these means with those that are traditionally studied in the domestic science of law is carried out. The idea is substantiated that only a few of the means of “smart regulation” can be considered in fact as fundamentally new. In most cases, the theory of "smart regulation" operates with a classic set of tools and technologies, focusing not so much on the means themselves, but on thoughtful and well-chosen their combinations.
Use of default rules as a smart regulation tool
Default rules are seen as an effective incentive for certain behavior by representatives of behavioral economics. Examples usually are automatic enrollment in retirement plans, consent to posthumous organ donation, and so on. The article examines the problems of use of default rules as a tool for private relations regulation.
Diversification of higher education in regions in the face of great challenges
Two oppositely directed trends that have clearly manifested themselves in recent years are as follows^ information openness, which is associated with the digitalization of the educational process, and physical closeness, which is associated with pandemic processes, create a global challenge to higher education in the regions. This challenge can both destroy regional education and transfer it to a new, higher level of development.
One of the tools for a proper response to these global challenges is the diversification of educational processes, the elements of which are as follows: numerous online courses, collaboration of teaching staff of different regions, and public educational online events.
The practice of recent years has shown that the educational institutions in Moscow could not become the drivers of the new educational model due to adherence to the tendencies of centralization and attempts to lock the functions of administration with new processes on themselves. Regional universities are deprived of such ambitions and by their very essence are ready to diversify and build a network model of the educational process in higher education in Russia.
Criminal procedural component of counter terrorism as the main threat to national security
In modern conditions, terrorism has become one of the leading issues among threats to national and international security. International organizations, national states, including Russia, are actively developing a legal framework and practical mechanisms for preventing and countering terrorism. The activities of government authorities in countering terrorism have a multi-component structure, including, among other things, the disclosure and investigation of terrorist acts. At the same time, the concept of countering terrorism by the Federal Law "On Countering Terrorism" does not include the activities of competent authorities in the course of judicial proceedings in criminal cases, which seems to be debatable. The aim of the study is to reveal the meaning and essence of the criminal-procedural component of countering terrorism, which includes the activities of the competent authorities in the course of pre-trial and judicial proceedings in criminal cases of terrorist crimes. The work uses general scientific methods of analysis and synthesis, a systematic approach, as well as private scientific methods: legal interpretation and logical-legal. The methodological basis was the dialectical method. Research Results: The analysis of the development of modern Russian legislation allows us to speak about the formation of specific judicial and judicial procedures for the administration of justice in criminal cases of terrorist crimes. On the one hand, in such criminal cases, there is a differentiation of the criminal procedural form of production; on the other hand, a specialized jurisdiction for such criminal cases is formed for the district military courts. Conclusions: the identification of the criminal procedural component in the legislation and the institutional isolation of the criminal procedural component will contribute to the increase in the effectiveness of countering terrorism. Further theoretical development of the content of the component under consideration will improve the procedure for criminal proceedings on terrorist crimes, ensuring the inevitability of punishment of the perpetrators while maintaining the standard of observance of the rights and freedoms of participants in legal proceedings.
Zaporotskova I.V., Boroznina N.P., Boroznin S.V., Zaporotskov P.A., Zvonareva D.A.
On the impact of carbon nanotubes on the performance of fuels and lubricants
In order to improve the technological and operational characteristics of petroleum products, functional additives and their complex packages are used, which are aimed at improving rheological, anti-wear, anti-oxidizing and other characteristics.
In recent decades, nanoparticles of various structures have been actively used as functional additives to improve the performance of petroleum products. To achieve the maximum effect of modification, it is necessary that the nanomaterial has the greatest affinity for hydrocarbons of petroleum products. One of the most promising carbon nanomaterials that will achieve such a modification effect is carbon nanotubes.
This article presents the results of a study of the effect of carbon nanotubes introduced as an additive in motor oils, leading to a number of positive changes in the performance of GSM, such as aging, oxidative ability, etc.
Boroznin S.V., Zaporotskova I.V., Boroznina N.P., Zvonareva D.A.
Carbon nanotubes with boron impurities as effective absorber of harmful emissions of chlorine and fluorine
One of the harmful elements in the surrounding airspace of a person is chlorine and fluorine. This determines the relevance of research aimed at finding a material that will be able to adsorb these elements, thereby fulfilling the task of cleaning the environment and improving human quality. This paper presents studies showing the dependence of the efficiency of a carbon nanotubular material on the amount of impurity boron atoms to create an active sorbent material capable of absorbing chlorine and fluorine gases, which are strong toxicants.
Carrying out these studies will make it possible to predict the creation of high-efficiency and energy-saving devices aimed at cleaning residential and technical premises from harmful substances that can have a negative impact on the human body.
Zaporotskova I.V., Ermakova T.A., Korolevа A.A., Mordvinkin D.V.
Creation of medicinal coatings of medical arterial stents by electrochemical method
Using the adsorbing properties of polyvinylpyrrolidone and the antiplatelet properties of aspirin and heparin, a medicinal coating was applied to a metal medical stent using an electrochemical method. The optimal conditions for the electrochemical deposition of medicinal coatings on metal surfaces have been selected. The evaluation of the obtained drug coating was carried out: the thickness of the drug coating, the magnitude of the electric current and the deposition time were calculated.
Semenov E.S., Gomazkova L.K., Ermakova N.N.
Study of the impact of narrowband interference on wireless communication channels
The problem of protecting communication channels and data transmission from interference when using radio and wire channels is extremely important. Due to the continuous increase in the flow of transmitted information, responsibility and complexity solved by automated task management systems, the urgency of this problem is constantly increasing. In this paper, a study of the effect of narrow-band interference on radio communication channels is carried out and methods of combating them are considered.
Belikova E.O., Vasilenko I.V., Sgibneva O.I., Vlasiuk I.V.
Potential of Cultural Policy in Economic Security
The idea that individual perceptions of individuals interact with the social context and create a set of mechanisms through which culture and social institutions directly penetrate, influence, and explain economic change, expressed by Hutchins and Hayek, underscores the relevance of the cultural policy framework approved by presidential decree on December 24, 2014 and aimed at developing culture and then, through it, at ensuring the economic security and sustainability of modern Russia. The article reveals the potential of Russia's cultural policy in the development of society and the economy against the background of such threats as a decrease in the cultural and intellectual level of individuals, distortion of value orientations, the breakdown of social ties, disintegration, and the growth of aggression. These phenomena significantly reduce the capacity of culture. The potential of cultural policy lies in maintaining and strengthening the adaptability of culture. The resource of adaptability is accumulated through cultural heritage, which forms an artificial structure of society, including beliefs, institutions, tools, technologies, and which ensures, if culture and traditional values are preserved, either dynamic success or, otherwise, the defeat of societies and economies. The richer the cultural context in terms of providing opportunities for creativity and innovation, the greater the chance for a sustainable economy is. The potential of cultural politics transforms the uncertainty of modern societies into certainty, reducing risks on an increasingly broad field of human activity by accumulating the results of solutions to problems often encountered in the past. Potential is weakened by revising perceptions of reality in order to improve their positions by political and economic players whose actions are governed by distorted value orientations. In these circumstances, it is important to clarify the nature of the transformative effect on the perceptions of the players and the adaptive effectiveness of the institutional matrix shaped by culture.
Andryuschenko O.E., Gomanenko O.A., Danilova E.O., Popandopulo O.A.
Digitization of the social security system as a factor of raising the standard of living of Russian citizens
The up to date Russian techniques of digitization of the social security system are just being created. Nevertheless some experience have been gained in providing some social support measures and the section of digitalized social support measures is growing. The strategic goal of digitization of the social sector is to raise the standard of living of service recipients. The authors of the paper point out that the quality of social support is evaluated according to the criteria that are common for both traditional and digitalized services: availability, the order of service recipients, timeliness and the proper documentation. The authors believe that adoption of digitalized social security services is hindered by a number of obstacles: unequal availability of the digital infrastructure, low computer competence of some groups of citizens, inadequate integration of modern computer technique. The paper shows that the foreign and Russian experience in digitalization of social support services differ by the following positions: the Russian Internet infrastructure needs technical development that is provided in "The strategy of development of information society in the Russian Federation in 2017–2030" and will be implemented over time; in Russia providing digitalized social support services is completely nationalized while the European experience shows efficiency of private companies. At the same time the Russian public services website is developing dynamically in terms of enhancing the range of services by life situations and authorities. To solve the practical tasks of the study the authors applied the complex of general survey methods: system analysis, statistical analysis, comparative analysis, expert interview and a pilot questionnaire survey. The Volgograd Region practice is studied. The Region has recently met the target indicators of the Federal Program "Digital economy of the Russian Federation". Nevertheless a number of problems still exist. They hinder the integration of digitalized services in the region: the Internet covering is inadequate in remote areas, computer competence is still low especially among elderly people, just those who mainly prefer to personally (not online) address social protection authorities, some services still can be provided non-digitalized only, integration of the Unified Public Information Database of Social Security is going on slowly. It reduces efficiency of the document circulation in the system of digitalized social support. The survey results suggest that it is necessary to inform people of the acting system of digitalized services and to respectively train citizens of Volgograd.